Before you can draw the hand realistically, you need to acquaint yourself with the underlying bone structure. There are three types of bones in the hand; phalanges, metacarpals, and carpals. Combined, these bones give the hand and fingers an extremely varied and wide range of motion, such that drawing the hand can become highly complicated.
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Eyebrows are funny things, generally relied on too heavily by cartoonists and not enough by realistic artists. In truth, they do have a wide range of motion and are very important to showing expression ... ... realistic or cartoonish--on a face, because they reflect how the muscles are pulling in the forehead. Scowls, surprise,
Begin with two shapes; the shape of the fingertips to the wrist without the thumb and that same area with the thumb. You should have a long, skinny oval for the first area and a lopsided egg shape for the second. Divide the oval in half and mark off four equally sized fingers. The guideline
Perspective drawing is structured around these two concepts. They are crucial to making objects look like they are diminishing into the distance at an accurate rate ... ... making planes appear to converge as they retreat from the viewer, and showing that planes foreshorten as they twist towards the viewer. But what are vanishing
When you need to translate irregular sizes to a plane in perspective, a measuring line is very helpful. Draw your object, complete with its vanishing points and horizon line. Extend a horizontal line off the bottom corner of the shape. This is the measuring line. It should run adjacent to the face that you
The techniques of perspective drawing are based on principles of simple geometry. For instance, you can find the center, or midpoint, of any square or rectangle by drawing the diagonals of that shape. The center is the point where the two lines intersect. Knowing that, you can quickly find the center of rectangles and
Once you can draw a box in one, two, and three point perspective ... ... you can draw most anything, because any three dimensional object will have a top, bottom, and sides. Therefore, even if it doesn't look like a box, it can be put into a box and the rules of foreshortening and
There are three types of perspective ... ... each one named according to the number of vanishing points it employs. In one point perspective, such as the classic picture of a head-on railroad track diminishing to a pinprick in the distance, the observer's line of sight is perfectly in-line with the parallel lines, and
Pen and ink is an excellent medium for depicting animals with a lot of linear qualities, like long fur or wrinkled skin. You can use dip pens to build up tone using line techniques, or you can paint in tone with brushes. Before beginning a finished work, practice the different strokes that you'll need
Shaggy fur isn't as easy to draw or paint as it might seem. It's more than simply scribbling a few lines on the page; in order to make fur that looks realistic ... ... you have to be able to see the overall shapes and then to pick out the few details that make the
Short fur, especially from a distance, may not look like fur at all. Animals such as giraffes, horses, and some dogs have such short fur that the bone and muscle structure is easily seen beneath it ... ... which makes accurate drawing essential, since you can't disguise mistakes with shaggy lines. Short fur is depicted
Feathers are delicate and highly intricate up close... ... but in drawing pictures of birds you can rarely see more than a block of smooth pattern with perhaps a feather or two visible in the wings and tail. The difficulty, then, is learning how to depict realistic feathers with the right amount of detail.
Drawing and painting black fur presents a special challenge in that, so often, very little detail is visible and the animal looks like two eyes floating in a black blob. This is especially the tendency if the subject is poorly lit and if you're working from photographs, which tend to flatten tones and decrease subtle
For the beginning watercolor student ... ... it may seem that the primary purpose of water in watercolor painting is cleaning the brush and wetting the colors. And while that is true to a certain extent, to think of water in such limited terms is really to do a grave disservice to your painting
Even the beginning pastel student will realize that pastels are easily blended ... ... and that the smooth, gradiated tones produce a very different feel from the rougher look that is initially put down on paper. Blending is, of course, an essential tool to have available to you and you should be familiar with
Although in a sense there are as many different approaches to painting in watercolor as there are watercolor painters ... ... there are a few broad methods of approach that can be defined. Because watercolor can be put down in thin washes or intense color, dry brush or flooding washes, flung on the page
Pastel painting, because of the differences between hard and soft pastels, allows for very different approaches to making a finished piece. And although many pastelists combine several styles to create a look all their own, in the most general terms pastel painting comes down to the linear or massive approach. The Linear Approach is
Pastels are a wonderful, vibrant medium to work with. Because they don't require drying time, the mark you put down is the mark you end up with ... ... which can alleviate a lot of frustration and save time. Furthermore, because there is no liquid binder in pastels, they do no degrade over time
Drawing people accurately is obviously necessary in making successful family portraits ... ... but you can add depth and interest to the picture by also adding props. Objects that help to tell a story, give a sense of the family's personality, and help connect the viewer to the people in the picture. Some common
It is difficult enough to draw one portrait ... ... drawing an entire family sometimes seems like an impossible task! To save yourself a lot of time and frustration, follow this procedure: 1. Sketch the Big Shapes. Get the heads on the page first and get a sense of sizing, placement, and cropping. Don't